Women during pregnancy experience increased levels of the hormones progesterone and estrogen. The increase in hormone levels causes bacteria to form. This condition is known as pregnancy gingivitis. Women experience several symptoms such as red gums, bleeding gums, and swelling. Dentists advise pregnant women to floss and brush their teeth twice each day. In doing so, it will prevent the formation of plague.
Could Gingivitis Affect the Health of Your Unborn Child?
According to research, babies born prematurely and at a low birth weight could be a result of their mothers developing gingivitis during pregnancy. Bacteria can go into the bloodstream through the mouth and into the uterus. Once in the uterus, the production of chemicals begins, which researchers suspect causes premature labor.
Can You Receive Dental Treatment for Gingivitis During Pregnancy?
It is vital that pregnant women maintain proper oral health care. They should visit their dentist regularly for dental cleanings. In doing so, they will be able to decrease the occurrence of oral infections, which may infect their unborn child. Pregnant women should avoid any major dental procedures. If they do need to undergo one, they should postpone it for later.
In the instance a dental procedure cannot be delayed, women should wait until their second trimester to get the procedure, as this decreases the risk. You should not have any dental procedures performed in the third trimester.
This is not because of any risks to the child or the mother, but the dental chair may be too uncomfortable for them to sit in. If they lie back in the dental chair, it may cut of their blood circulation, as it places pressure on the vein. The vein functions to return the blood to the heart from the lower body of the person.
Can You Take Medical Drugs during Dental Treatment?
Ideally, you should not take any medical drugs during pregnancy. In the event you develop gum disease or gingivitis, you should visit your dentist more regularly so they can treat it. The dentist may administer doses of lidocaine or novocaine, but in small amounts considered safe to enter your body.
Pregnant women that need to take antibiotics may be prescribed amoxicillin, penicillin, and clindamycin, which are considered as acceptable medications. You should also consult with your physician at this time.
It is perfectly safe for expectant women to receive most dental procedures. It is also extremely vital that they take care of their dental hygiene during pregnancy, as they are looking after not just themselves, but also after another life growing inside of them.
If you are pregnant and you have contracted gingivitis or gum disease, you can visit Mission Bend Family Dentistry. Our dentists are qualified to treat and perform dental procedures on an expectant parent. Contact us to make an appointment with us. We will be glad to help you keep your mouth healthy during your pregnancy. Once your baby is born, you can bring them in for their first dental check-up.